How To Protect Your Intellectual Property: 4 Easy Ways To Protect Your Intellectual Property

1 a- Intellectual property indicates a range of different rights some are registered rights some are unregistered. Registered rights: these are granted on application to an official body such as the UK Intellectual Property Office. Registered rights are monopoly rights, in other words once registered, the owner can stop others from using the right without permission. They include patents, trademarks and registered industrial designs. Unregistered rights: these arise automatically, give protection against copying or using the right, and include copyright, unregistered design rights, rights in unregistered trademarks and confidential information.

Starting from a marketing strategy campaign, this should establish a clear link between your products or services and your company, as the producer or provider of such products or services and a (strong) trademark is the most important tool for traders to differentiate their goods from those of other traders.

IP combined with other marketing tools (such as advertisements and other sales promotion activities) are crucial for:

• Differentiating your products and services and making them easily recognisable;
• Promoting your products or services and creating a loyal clientele;
• Diversifying your market strategy to various target groups.

You may be interested in expanding an existing business (extending your territory or the nature of business) or improving the quality of the goods or services of your company and thereby its market position. In many situations, licensing of intellectual property rights is an effective tool for achieving these business goals.

A licensing agreement is an arrangement between an intellectual property owner (licensor) and another who is authorised to use such rights (licensee) in exchange for an agreed payment (fee or royalty). A variety of such licensing agreements are available.

As an intellectual property owner and a licensor, your company can expand its business to the frontiers of your partners’ business and ensure a steady stream of additional income. As a licensee, your company can manufacture, sell, import, export, distribute and market various goods or services which it may be prevented from doing otherwise.

To remain ahead of competitors, business entities must either continuously introduce radically new products and services or make small improvements to the quality of existing products and services. For this reason, innovative and creative ideas are at the heart of most successful businesses.

Ideas by themselves, however, have little value. They need to be developed, turned into innovative products or services and commercialised successfully so as to enable your company to reap the benefits of your innovation and creativity. Intellectual property rights can be crucial for turning innovative ideas and inventions into competitive products that significantly increase profit margins.

In addition, your company may use registered rights such as patents to earn royalty revenue by licensing such patented inventions to other companies that have the capacity to commercialise them. This may provide you with a stream of income from your invention or the inventions of employees of your company, without the need to invest in its commercialisation.

Your company may also use trade marks to earn royalty revenue by licensing its trade marks to other companies that have the capacity to manufacture and sale products suitable to bear your trade marks.

As far as inventions are concerned, when an invention is made, it is important to consider how and whether it should be protected before any details are published or any samples are circulated. Failure to do so can severely limit, or even wholly undermine the scope for protection. The choice of protection often lies between patenting and maintaining the invention as a trade secret under the law of confidential information.

Patents are available for most industrially applicable processes and devices. A patent confers a monopoly right as it prevents others from operating within the scope of the patent claims, even if others developed their own technology wholly independently of the patentee and were wholly unaware of the existence of the patent or of the product or process which the patent protects. In contrast the law of confidential information cannot be used against independently developed technology. The main reason for obtaining a patent is to be able to exploit the technology exclusively, either solely or by licence to third parties.

As far as trademarks are concerned, the registration confers on the proprietor the statutory right to the exclusive use of the mark in connection with the goods or services for which it is registered. The proprietor can authorise or license others to use the mark but, most importantly, registration gives the proprietor the right to sue for trade mark infringement any person who uses an identical or similar mark in connection with identical or similar goods without authorisation. There is no requirement to prove reputation or goodwill. In certain circumstances the proprietor can prevent use of an identical or similar mark on dissimilar goods.

Passing off actions are notoriously time-consuming and expensive. To succeed in such an action, the proprietor must produce evidence of his ownership of goodwill or reputation in the mark, and evidence that the unauthorised use of his mark amounts to a misrepresentation which is causing, or is likely to cause, damage.

Finally, a registered design confers a 25-year monopoly right in the design. Registration gives the exclusive right to make articles incorporating the design, allowing the owner to sue for infringement even where the defendant did not copy the design. If a registration is not obtained, the owner of the design would need to depend on:
- design right, which only lasts for ten years from the end of the year of first exploitation; or
- where applicable, copyright (for example, where an artistic work is involved).

In the case both of design right and copyright, the owner would need to prove that the defendant had copied the design in order to succeed in an infringement action.

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Becoming Energy Efficient – How Much Energy Is Wasted Each Year?

Energy has become one of the top national concerns as the U.S. faces the challenges of affordability, economic recovery, security, and climate change. The focus on improving the nation’s energy efficiency is critical and has become a central issue in the global strategy for handling its resources.

A stunning 57 percent of our energy ends up wasted, according to James D. McCalley, electrical and computer engineer at Iowa State University. Through embracing a number of cost-effective efficiency technologies, the United States can reduce consumption by over twenty-five percent over the next twenty years based upon a variety of studies completed by the ACEEE (American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy) and others. The bottom line is that investments in energy efficiency technology would be the equivalent to finding an entirely new energy source and therefore this issue needs to be at the core of our country’s policy.

The United States is one of the largest consumers of energy services in the world. The economy’s demand has been satisfied, historically, through the burning of fossil fuels but the energy-related challenges we are experiencing in the twenty-first century have created a dramatic change in direction, from a focus on energy supply to a focus on energy efficiency. The major drivers causing this shift in direction include: rising fuel and energy prices, increased global demand and competition, tight delivery capacity for conventional energy supplies, environmental concerns related to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, consumer/investor concerns regarding energy sector responsibility, and a dwindling energy supply. Taken together, these six drivers have created global market challenges which require a new vision for the future. The requirement for greater energy efficiency is critical and it needs to be the cornerstone in the multi-faceted solution for addressing the challenges of affordability, energy security, economic recovery, and global warming.

While many of these solutions will necessitate a significant investment of resources and time and a change in behavior by both consumers and businesses, there are several technologies currently available that require modest expenditures, have a rapid pay-back or return-on-investment, and compliment a business’ existing equipment where expensive retrofits or equipment replacement is not required to obtain energy savings.

The great thing about embracing energy efficiency is that it is remarkably inexpensive, immediately available, and has tremendous potential to mitigate greenhouse gasses that threaten our planet. Energy efficiency technologies do not need to be imported, are highly scalable, and have a successful track record over the last three decades.

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How to Get Bad Credit Auto Loans

Preparing Yourself for an Auto Loan with Bad Credit Ratings

Many individuals have poor or bad credit ratings due to various reasons. And when such individuals try to avail their car loans, getting the required credit turns out to be difficult. It is quite common for such individuals to apply for car financing and end up with rejected car loan applications. The common reason being improper preparation of the application, or applying for the wrong kind of auto loan at the wrong time. Due to the ongoing economic recession, many of the moneylenders have started offering credit facility to borrowers having low FICO score and poor credit history in the form of bad credit auto loans, simply because they need to sell their loan products and earn some money in the form of interest. Having stringent measures would mean less business and lesser earnings, because there is no way the bulk of the market applicant would satisfy the harsh requirements. So what is the way out for the person if he or she wants to avail the auto financing facility, and has bad credit ratings? The following pointers can help you in deciding how to go about the problem.

Special Auto Finance Facilities for Individuals Having a Bad or Poor Credit History

Traditional loan providers need good or excellent credit ratings and a high FICO score before they provide their credit. They are generally not inclined to sponsor car financing if the applicant has a history of loan defaults or late monthly payments. Banks and credit lending institutions are typically such type of orthodox credit firm, including some of the car manufacturer like Ford Motor Credit and Toyota Motor Credit who offer car credit options. However, there are several institute and moneylenders who prefer to do business by providing loans and credit facilities for individuals having bad and poor credit ratings. The intention is to cater to the untapped potential of the loan market consisting of individuals who do not quality for traditional auto loans. The primary reason for undertaking the venture is many individuals do not qualify for the loans, and satisfying their requirements would mean earning a substantial chunk of money in the form of interest from such individuals. They are specialized moneylenders who have enough experience to know when to take the risks, and in what manner.

The best way to search for such bad credit auto financing institutes and loan providers is to browse online on the net. Almost all credit providers advertise their company or firm through portals, and these websites provide all relevant information related to the loan products offered by them. Variables such as the rate of interest, tenure, turnaround time, monthly installment schemes, and loan options are usually explained on the sites. In addition, majority of the sites also provide online auto loan calculators, which can prove to be very helpful in calculating the combinations of different interest rates and loan tenures. It becomes easy to work out what kind of repayment plan turns out to be most beneficial to you. Another important issue that needs to be worked out is the negotiation part. Car buyers negotiate with loan providers to get the most affordable deal. So if you are not that good at negotiations, it is recommended you seek the services of professional negotiators or credit negotiation service providers who can argue on your behalf, and help you get cost effective deals. Another important benefit of such services is that the company and firm experts help in working out your auto loan application, so your application gets prepared in an organized and professional way, thus increasing your chances of availing your auto finance.

Qualifying for a Bad or Poor Credit Auto Loan

One needs to qualify if one decides to apply for an auto loan for bad credit. Majority of the applications get rejected because of improper or incorrect submission of the forms. Insufficient or incorrect details, along with missing documentation such as credit status reports, bank statements, and even employment details can very easily lead to a rejection of your application form. Common documents required are usually ID proof, residential ownership or rent details, contact number, and minimum monthly pay earned. As per the current market trend, it is required to earn a minimum of $2,000 every month to qualify for even the basic amount required for car finance. Another important point to work out is the car insurance and accident claim coverage options offered by the insurance provider. The insurance also adds up to the car buying charges. So it is suggested you check out the various car insurance options offered by the lenders and select the plan which suits your requirement and budget.

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Improve Your Poor Credit Score and Secure Yourself a Loan

So you are thinking of getting some extra money to make some urgent home repairs, the porch door needs replacing, along with a new hot water system. Unfortunately you do not have the money in the bank, but neither do you have a secure porch door or any constant hot water.

Have you considered personal loans? A lot of people take out personal loans for this type of repair. Car repairs and even holidays are used by people with their newly acquired finances. Most people have heard that a poor credit score is not a good thing (However even those that have a poor financial history can still get loans). But how do you make a good rating?

One of thing major pieces of advice from experts, before you apply for finance it is best to get a credit report completed from a reputable source. This will give you an idea of the chance of getting your application approved. In the United States of America there are three levels of credit rating, basically the higher it is the better it is.

An excellent rating is above 760, a good rating would be between 700 and 759 and a poor rating would be between 640 to 699. if you are at the top end, 760 and above then there is no point in making your rating any better. However with other ratings it is worth trying to improve as it will help your chances of succeeding in the application.

There does seem to be a bit of a chicken and egg situation sometimes, you need finance but have a poor score,but to improve you need a lender to give you a chance. Well, luckily there are things that you and your family if you have one, can do to improve your rating.

Having a poor rating does not mean you have to be stuck with it, starting to pay the bills on time instead of late or not at all will start to get you on the right path. Some lenders will still give applicants loans even with a low score, but the total given will be lower than usually and the percentage rate will be considerably higher. So you will pay more over the period of the finance.

Families can help too. If a member of your family has a good rating then some credit card companies can add you to that family members credit card as an authorized user, this will help with any poor credit score. Also having a family member with a good rating co-sign the loan could help you get what you need.

Finding the correct lender for your score is a good way to make sure that you are getting what you deserve, if you have a high score you deserve some of the best deals on the market. Instead of going to your bank or card company you can go online and search for a matching company. Companies like this are a good place go to make sure you achieve the best deal.

What are a matching company and what do they do? You enter your details on their online program and your information will be fed to several of their approved lenders, in turn the lenders will then return to the matching company with a list of loans that they are able to offer.

Once the offers come back it is then up to the applicant to choose one and complete all the necessary paperwork. A check will then be received within a matter of days and your new boiler and door fitted soon after.

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Payment Options for Shopping All the Way

Everyone is busy. Busy in shopping online and in the malls. Popular online portals are breaking and making new sale records! All thanks to the convenience and the availability of easy payment options and funds!

Here are few of the factors that are making online businesses a success

Credit Cards: A credit card is plastic money. It is one of the easiest form in which a person gets a personal loan.

All online portals as well as retailers in malls accept credit cards issued by various banks.
Online payment becomes very simple and safe, thanks to the one time passwords generated for such transactions.
A PIN is sufficient for shopping using a credit card at any retail store.

Personal loans for shopping: When we apply for a personal loan, we don’t have to provide the financier with the details of what we want the loan for.

Thus these days’ personal loans are being used to finance shopping.
They can also be used as wedding loans, vacation loans and educational loans.

Payment Processing: As far as payment processing is concerned, the following factors matter to both the consumer and the online retailer.

Uncomplicated manoeuvring on website: It is important for the payment process to be step-by-step and easy to understand. Most websites work on this section very carefully and thus the online shopping experience is satisfactory.

Processing Costs: Processing costs matter to the retailers. More the processing fees they have to pay to providers of payment gateways like Visa, the lesser are their margins. So to have an effective business the processing costs need to be low.
Number of payment options: Multiple payment options should be available for the customer to make payment. This makes the shopping a convenient proposition.
Time taken to process transactions: Processing time not only tests your patience but sometimes also the strength of your internet connection!

Cash on Delivery: This is also known as “collection on delivery.” This is a very popular mode of making payments for shopping in the developing world.

It enhances impulse purchases.
A credit card is not an essential possession for the buyer.
The buyer can check the quality of the product and then pay

So this festive season, do not hesitate to shop and to gift! The availability of funds for shopping is not difficult anymore. Also the convenience of online shopping has brought various retailers to our doorstep. So let us shop all the way!

An easy way of shopping is using a credit card. It forms an integral part of most people’s financial planning. When used in the right manner, it helps reduce financial liability and optimizes financial resources.

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Are Online Personal Loans Good For People With Bad Credit?

While the rise of online lending in itself makes it more convenient for people to apply for finance, is this development a good thing for those who are already struggling? There are companies out there who charge expensive annual percentage rates (APRs), leaving many people in more trouble than when they first started.

But it doesn’t have to be this way. Over the last few years, online lending has earned itself a bad reputation. The internet leaves many people vulnerable to fraud, so you should always exercise caution when inputting your financial details. The best way to make sure your information remains safe is to find a secure, reliable lending platform.

There is an unfair irony attached to lending today. Those with bad credit are often led to believe they have no financial options if they have made mistakes in the past, often making their situations seem more desperate than they actually are. This can result in people making bad decisions and can lead to borrowing through unstable sources.

Meanwhile, any lenders that do accept you with bad credit will charge extortionate interest rates because of your history, making it more difficult for you to meet your monthly repayment obligations – thus worsening your situation. This is a trap that many people fall into, and it gives online installment lenders a bad name.

However, this doesn’t need to be the case. If you can find yourself a reliable lending platform, you will be connected to a secure network of trustworthy lenders who can offer sensible solutions to your borrowing needs. Many of these lenders will assess your application, even if your credit file isn’t perfect or your income is lower than average.

Instead of (or in some cases, as well as) running credit checks, these lenders will take other factors into consideration, including your income and employment circumstances, and how long you have lived at your current address. They may even ask for references they can contact who will vouch for your character personally.

Even those who receive benefits as a form of income will be able to apply, giving everyone a fair and carefully considered chance of borrowing money. In these cases, applicants won’t be accepted for higher loans than they can afford to pay back, and interest rates will be low, meaning there is a better chance of managing repayments.

If you have poor credit and need to borrow money, consider a personal installment loan, but make sure the APR is advertised between 5.99% and 35.99%. There should also be a number of options in terms of flexible repayment, offering you the chance to pay the money back anywhere between six months and six years, depending on what you can afford to pay per month.

Small, carefully considered personal loans could actually help you build a financial profile making you eligible for better future borrowing. As long as the lender is responsible, and offers reasonable interest rates, online lending platforms can actually give people with more opportunities than many other lenders in terms of improving their situation.

With this in mind, personal loans can be beneficial to those hoping to improve their credit score, but only if some caution is exercised by both parties, and you only apply to borrow an amount you can afford to pay back.

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Five Reasons for Refusal of a Personal Loan

Don’t you wish personal finance were a mandatory course in college? Unfortunately, too many of us learn by mistake. When you need a personal loan and are rejected, you might be baffled as to what went wrong- and how to fix it. Here are some clues.

NO CREDIT

No credit is a situation where you have never used credit and therefore have no credit history for the bank to review. They have no way of making an educated decision on whether or not you will pay back a personal loan based on your credit history. No credit is worse than bad credit. Qualifying for and making regular payments on these types of introductory forms of credit can overcome a “no credit” score:

· Student Loans

· Secured credit card (includes a down payment amount)

· Being added to a parent’s or spouses good credit: card, car loan, etc.

LOW CREDIT

Low credit takes on several forms. If you’re using more than 30% of your allowable debt, it can negatively impact your score. Too many inquiries from shopping around for loans will also hit you hard. Lapses in payment, defaults, or bankruptcies are giant red flags and can take a long time to rebuild from.

Other things that lenders may look at are whether or not you have sizeable assets should you default on the loan. They also check to see if your debts are diversified or if you are only carrying one type of debt.

INCOME

Proof of income is generally required when applying for a personal loan. If you are unemployed or underemployed, it can work against you in the loan approval process. Lenders may also require a work history to see how long you have been with your current employer, and to determine if you typically have job stability. Frequent job loss or change will tell a creditor that your payments may not be reliable.

PURPOSE OF THE LOAN

Believe it or not, your application can be rejected due to your proposed purpose for the loan. Financial institutions have the right to set up the parameters surrounding their disbursements and can accept or reject your application based on what you want to use the money for.

BLACKLISTING

If you’ve defaulted on debt before, your name may be put on a list of whom not to loan to,’ also known as a “Blacklist.” This will follow you around for a long time and is difficult to erase. If you do resolve the debt issues, get documents to prove the resolution.

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How Can A Personal Loan Improve Your Credit Score?

When it comes to a personal loan, you have to first learn to use it responsibly. Because if you miss a repayment, your credit score will be impacted adversely. And remember, that a credit score is an indicator of how well you manage your personal finances. Also, it plays a defining role when you apply for any kind of loan – secured and unsecured. It is suggested to apply for a loan slightly larger than what is needed so that you will be assured to have enough money to pay all bills necessary and still have some money left over to ensure that your bank account stays current.

A credit score can be defined as a number which reflects the financial situation of a person. If the person is well-off when it comes to financial matters, then he or she is said to have a high credit score. On the other hand, if a person is the exact opposite of this, then they possess a low credit score. There are a lot of factors that are considered by financial institutions for the purpose of evaluating a person’s credit score – usually, the credit scores of people vary from 300 to about 850.

A personal loan is a type of loan that is given by digital lenders, banks and credit unions to aid you in your plans, be it starting a small business, or making a big purchase. Personal loans tend to have an interest rate(s) lower than the credit cards; however, they can also be put to use for combining several credit card debts together into one monthly lower-cost payment.

Now, your credit score is built by keeping in mind various parameters from your credit reports. These reports serve the purpose of trailing your history of utilization of the credit across the duration of seven years. These credit reports are comprised of information, including how much credit you have utilized to date, the type of credit in your possession, the age of one’s credit accounts, whether one has put in for bankruptcy or liens filed against them, actions of debt collections taken against them, one’s total open lines of credit as well as recent inquiries for hard credit.

Like any other type of credit, personal loans are very capable of affecting your credit score. This can be done through the process of applying and withdrawing a personal loan. If you are curious as to how personal loans can end up affecting your credit, then read on to find out more about the context. There are many ways in which your credit can be affected by personal loans and some of them are listed below:

The ratio of your debt-to-income and loan

Debt-to-income ratio is considered to be the measure of your amount of income that you spend on the debt repayments. In the case of lenders, the amount of income that you receive is said to be one of the major factors proving that you are able to repay your loan.

Some of the lenders have come up with their own debt-to-income ratio so that their proprietary credit scores may make use of it in the form of a credit consideration. Do not fall into the kind of mindset that possessing a high amount of a loan would hurt your credit. The most damage it can do is raise the ratio of your debt-to-income so that you won’t be able to apply for loans anymore without it getting rejected or denied.

Paying loans on time will make credit scores soar

The moment your loan is approved, you have to make sure that you settle the payments of each month on time and in full. Delay in repayment may significantly impact the state of your credit score. However, on the other hand, if you make the payments on time every month, then your credit score will soar high, leading to an overall good score. This will not only make your name to the preferred borrower’s list, but it will prove to be beneficial for you in the long run.

Since your payment history is comprised of almost 35% of your credit score, paying loans on time is essential in cases like these so that your credit score can maintain a positive status.

Variety is built into your credit type

There are about five factors that are responsible for determining your credit score. These are composed of the payment history, the length of the credit history, the utilization ratio of the credit, the credit mix and new inquiries of the credit in accordance with FICO®.

The credit mix only accounts for about 35% of your total credit score, whereas when it comes to a personal loan you can have a varying mix of the credit types. This mix of all types of credit is viewed at a high level of approval by the creditors and lenders.

Origination fee charged by loans

Most of the lenders end up charging you an origination fee. This fee cannot be avoided at any cost and is instantly taken off from the amount of the loan payment. The amount of origination fees depends upon the amount of the loan you are about to borrow. Late payments can lead to an overdraft of fees and late expenses. Therefore, make sure that you pay complete repayment for each month before the deadline.

Avoiding penalties when it comes to payments

Some of the credit lenders tend to charge an additional fee if you end up paying your part of the loan earlier than the agreed date. This is because they are looking for moderate amounts of interest on your loan. Now, seeing that you have paid off your part of the loan before time, they will miss out on that interest that they could have possibly made if you had not cleared the debt soon enough before the deadline.

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